Epidermal Naevus
Epidermal naevus usually present at birth or arises within the first decade and may increase in size at puberty. It is well-defined brown or yellow raised plaque with a rough warty surface and fissuring.
Becker’s Naevus
Becker’s Naevus is more common in males and most commonly on the chest, shoulder and upper arms. It is initially flat but may become raised and pigmented and subsequently develop thick coarse hairs.
Port wine stain
The lesion is present at birth and permanent. It is usually purple and is a permanent stain that varies in size.
Keloid Scarring
The keloids are red, raised and firm and have a smooth shiny surface. The often tender nodules can complicate minor acne.
Vitiligo
Vitiligo is an acquired destruction of melanocytes resulting in white patches on the skin. Vitiligo may occur at any age, though about 50% present before the age of 20.

The patches are completely de-pigmented and appear totally white. It may occur anywhere on the body. Frequently Vitiligo occurs around the mouth, nose and eyes. It may also occur on the elbows, knees, front of the shins, back of the hands and feet. The patches are liable to sunburn.

There can be psychological effects on the patient and feelings of isolation from being shunned socially.

Hyperpigmentation
Occurs when an excessive amount of melanin has been deposited in a clump causing a brown lesion on the skin.

Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is an eczema reaction as a result of an external substance. Affecting about 1 in 5 people at some time in their lives dermatitis is characterised by red, flaky skin, sometimes with cracks or tiny blisters.

Eczema
The term dermatitis and Eczema are used interchangeably within the community to represent itchy skin. There are a number of different types of Eczema including atopic eczema, varicose eczema, discoid eczema, hand eczema, asteatotic eczema and more.

Hypopigmentation
Hypopigmentation is the loss of skin colour caused by melanocyte depletion: a decrease in the amino acid tyrosine which is used by melanocytes to make melanin.

Lichen amyloid
The condition is chronic, very itchy and manifests itself as a popular eruption that may turn into thickened plaques.

Morphoea
Defined as localised sclerosis of the skin probably with an auto immune nature. The cause is unknown.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
Is one of the hereditary disorders of connective tissue which results in hyper extensible skin and joints which dislocate easily. It also involves poor wound healing, easy bruising and occasional fragility of large blood vessels. There may be digits missing. The skin is hyperplastic but recoils to the normal position when released. There is no treatment and genetic counseling may be of assistance.

Connective tissue naevus
Connective tissue naevus are lesions of dermal elastic fibres and collagen which give rise to nodules and plaque, especially on the upper back.
Cafe au Lait
Café au Lait is a single rounded, small or large round or oval pale brown patch. It may be present at birth in up to 10% of the population.
Spider Naevi
Spider Naevi looks like a spider with radiating legs extending out from a central red body. Found on upper cheeks, nose, and eye areas.
Rosacea
Rosacea is characterised by papules and pustules that occur on the face, often associated with flushing. Rosacea is common in both sexes and can appear at any time.
Lupus Erthematosus
Lupus is a chronic auto immune disorder which is nearly always confined to the skin and is associated with some degree of photosensitivity.

Epidermis Bullosa
It is an inherited disorder of epidermal cell adherence that results in abnormal and purple papules on the skin. It usually begins in late childhood or adolescence Ultraviolet light should be avoided.

Urticaria
Urticaria consists of intensely itchy red swellings of the skin which last a few hours and then disappear without trace. It can be known as hives.

Burns to the skin
Tissue damage from excessive heat, electricity, radioactivity, or corrosive chemicals that destroy proteins in the exposed cells is called a burn

Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a common chronic benign condition of the skin. Psoriasis is often inherited and sometimes associated with disorders of the joints and nails. As with all skin conditions suffers of psoriasis can also suffer from psychological affects and feelings of isolation from being shunned socially.

Poikiloderma of Civatte
This is a pigmentation which occurs on the side of the neck, particularly in women. The cause is unknown and thought to be due to photosensitising chemicals in perfumes. Sun protection are advised.

Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum
Consists of more or less symmetrical, well-defined yellowish plaques with a wax consistency which occur particularly on the shins.

Scleroderma
Is an auto immune disorder characterised by excessive deposits of collagen and other connective tissue components which led to dermal fibrosis. It also affects other organs.